how to prune dogwood tree

How to prune for colourful stems or large foliage. People ask if they can trim a dogwood in the summer or cut back a dogwood in the fall, but the best time to prune a dogwood tree is in late fall until late winter. After that you can prune as follows: In dry summers, water the plants to ensure good growth, otherwise the display of stems will be affected in winter. Like many flowering trees and shrubs, the best time to prune a dogwood tree is when the tree is dormant. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected There are many ways to improve both the health and the shape of a tree. You can count on them to bloom every year with several hundred flowers. Pruning a young dogwood helps determine its mature shape. Plant roots and shoots are in balance and, after hard pruning, plants will regrow to re-establish this balance. For example, remove all but one stem from a young tree to give it a single-trunk shape, pruning away any new, low side branches until the main trunk is a few feet tall. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan.. This can weaken both the branch and the tree, which can require the tree to need severe pruning. Dogwood suckers can be pruned off any time after flowering. When you prune will depend entirely on what type of pruning you are doing. There are 2 main reasons to only prune during the dormant period. Make this cut in early spring or any time in the dormant season. Insects and oozing sap. Young plants need to establish for a year or two before you start hard-pruning. Instead, move out on the branch you are cutting about 1 or 2 inches from the collar of the branch to make your final cut. Is it too late to prune a dogwood tree? Leaving a stump or large section of branch intact is more likely to invite disease and insects. Dogwoods should be pruned from late fall until late winter. Clean cuts made by sharp pruners or a saw will help you safely remove the large and sometimes heavy branches from the dogwood without causing damage by tearing. You can prune dogwoods with pruning shears that have a wide enough head to cut through the diameter of larger limbs. Let’s talk about each type of pruning and when it should be done. While a flowering dogwood tree is reliable in producing blooms each year, it should still be pruned. Cut back the dogwood every other year. Dogwood trees rarely get leggy or overgrown, and their shape is usually well-kempt. These swelled areas are known as the branch collars. As we mentioned in our introduction, pruning a dogwood tree often includes making cuts to the branches as opposed to cutting them off completely, depending on the type of pruning you need to do. Branch collars are located at the joint between the primary branch you are cutting and the trunk of the dogwood. To prune dead limbs or make cuts to the dogwood tree, you will need a good pair of pruners, these tools will cut through the deadwood as well as make cuts in the piece that needs rejuvenating. Snipping off old buds on the dogwood tree to promote new growth and flowering should take place during the summer, preferably in June. In addition, a limb that has been severed incorrectly at the collar can cause disease and pests to invade and damage the tree permanently. Dogwood only flowers on wood that is a year old - the flowers aren't very special to look at, but the bees will be happy. If snipping off old blooms, you should do this in late spring or early summer, no later than June. Defining the right time to prune your dogwood will depend on factors such as pruning type and variety. After that you can prune as follows: In the second or third spring, cut back to 60-90cm (2-3ft) from the ground for pollards or 5-7.5cm (2-3in) … These are called suckers, and they require removal as they are taking away energy from the tree that could be going to other parts of the tree. When routinely pruning dogwood branches, you should choose the branches that have pale and discolored stems. Additionally, if you cut back in late fall or winter while the tree is dormant will reduce the amount of sap that is produced when the tree is cut. Want to master Microsoft Excel and take your work-from-home job prospects to the next level? To prune dead limbs or make cuts to the dogwood tree, you will need a good pair of pruners, these tools will cut through the deadwood as well as make cuts in the piece that needs rejuvenating. Once you have located the collars, you will need to make your cut. Shrubby dogwoods grow quickly and easily with little guidance. Do not prune when the tree is flowering in the spring, or you will make it vulnerable to dogwood borers, one of the very few pests that seriously affect it. It is also the best time to prune a dogwood tree when disease or insect infestation is apparent. This hard pruning of the Dogwood removes all of the stems that were the attraction through the previous winter, but do not worry, for where you have carried out the pruning, many more stems will grow from the stumps left behind. Should one of these be pruned away? As you can imagine there are big differences between pruning if it is a tree or a hedge, in addition, pruning is a key point in the latter. Once you reach the second or third spring, you can cut back to 60-90cm from the ground if you are pollarding. When some shrubs are pruned hard, they regrow vigorously producing more colourful stems that brighten up the garden in winter. However, dogwoods are an adaptable plant and can still grow well in full, direct sunlight. This varied group of plants give great garden value. Part of proper dogwood pruning involves knowing when to trim a dogwood tree. Join Two good times to prune a Kousa dogwood are right after its finished blooming in June or toward the end of winter (if you don't mind giving up some of the flowers that year). Oftentimes, new growth can be seen near the base of the tree. Waiting any later than June, especially during the dormant months, will likely keep the dogwood tree from blooming the following year. You will likely get tired quickly when trying to make several cuts on many large branches of your specimen, causing you to rush the job or finish the job too quickly. Copyright © 2020. Flowering dogwood is native to the U.S. but not hardy in the north. … Essentially, you could be doing everything right and still end up with tears simply because the pruners or hand saw you used was too dull for the job. Both have the potential to cause the bark of the branches where the cuts are made to tear, so you will want to ensure you avoid this by following our pruning method. The four most popular tree pruning methods for general pruning are crown thinning, crown raising, crown reduction and crown … 2. Cut through so that you have made a complete and clean cut to remove the stub. However, when it comes to dogwood trees—as with many flowering trees—the best time to prune them is during the late fall or the winter. Pruning a dogwood tree is not something that needs to happen each year. Dogwood pruning will not be required every year, but you should look at your dogwood tree every third or fourth year to see if there is any area that you can prune to make next year’s appearance of blossoms better than before. For the dogwood tree, this is in the late fall and winter. As an affiliate and an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. They are a delicate vision at twilight in late spring. Trim these in the same manner and the same time of year as you would remove old or dead wood. However, pruning a dogwood tree will help the flowers of the tree bloom more abundantly the following season, it will also help to improve air circulation. Oftentimes, anvil pruners are big enough for the job. Yet another threat to your blossoming dogwood tree is the dogwood borer. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. How to Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. When to prune a dogwood tree depends on why you are pruning it. Prune them off where they attach to the base of the trunk with caution. Furthermore, remember to prune trunk sprouts as well during the fall season. Choose strong shoots of the current season’s growth and push them into gritty, moist compost. Dull pruners or saws can create tears in the branches even as you follow each step of the pruning method. If it is completely dead, and not so large, using an anvil pruner, you can make one solid cut right after the collar. First, you will take your pruning tool and make a cut on the underside of the branch you want to help regrow. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. If you wait until the buds start to swell, it will be too late, and you’ll end up pruning the buds which means that you will have fewer flowers on your tree next season. If you are specifically looking to prune your dogwood tree to encourage colourful stems, you’ll need to wait until it’s at least a year, if not two years, old. Making cuts and snipping off buds in June will promote the most regrowth and rejuvenation for the following season. Dogwood Borer Insect. If trimming the dogwood tree for rejuvenation and regrowth, you will take your shears to remove the flower buds and make cuts to certain branches of the tree. When to Prune a Dogwood Tree. Dogwood trees are dependable. The result of the shears and the hand saw will be the same. Cut back most, not all of the stems each year. Making cuts will help the branch weaken before it is removed from the tree. Best Time to Prune a Dogwood Tree. Click through to watch this video on gardenersworld.com. Use pruners or a hand saw that has been sharpened. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. Once its larvae hatch, they burrow under the bark of the limbs and trunk by working their way into the trees’ open wounds or broken bark. times, How to prune for colourful stems or large foliage, RHS Registered Charity no. When trimming the dogwood tree to remove dead or diseased parts, you will want to prune in late fall or winter. If pruned in summer, plant resources - which, by this time, are predominantly found in the leaves - will be removed, and regrowth will be less strong. One for trees and one for hedges. Why is this? Be careful not to damage the bark while you are pruning or doing lawn maintenance. Pruning them about six weeks before the leaves drop from the tree also tends to be best practice. This page may contain affiliate links. This causes the energy to go into other surrounding buds to create fuller and more colorful flowers. When to Trim a Dogwood Tree. Dogwood trees do best when planted in a spot that allows them to have some shade during the hottest parts of the day. If so how does one prune so as not to have a flat open cut? Also, two of the more vertical and main branch structures are rubbing. Step 1. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. You shouldn’t snip every flower bud that is present on the dogwood; however, snipping just one flower bud on each stem will cause the surrounding buds to become fuller and more colorful for the following season. Branch collar, or the vertical stem at the collar will cause the borer., we have divided it into two parts dogwood shrubs, the best time to a! 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