customs passenger lists

Commercial passenger lists and some crew lists, collected by customs: 1883-1973. The bureau provided blank forms to Picture of Young Manthe shipping companies, which the captains (usually their mates) prepared on board. Your … An individual being transported may be found on one or all of the three lists. Passenger Lists for the Year 1915. It is, however, important to understand that even the pre-1846 index is incomplete. Many of these lists have survived and are available at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA): These lists cover 1888 to 1908 (with gaps for 1893 and 1895). Thus it provides some coverage for all ports through its dates, but is usually used after the port specific indexes have been searched. Jan. 5-Dec. 31, 1801; 1-246 -- reel 3. Baltimore: Many of the Baltimore lists were destroyed, and even where some lists exist, there may be gaps of entire years in the collection. National Archives at Washington, D.C. The Government of Canada did not keep records of people leaving the country; there are no passenger lists for departures from Canadian ports. The Bureau of Customs was charged with the keeping of these lists, hence the lists from 1820 through about 1891 (the ending dates vary by port) are called the "Customs Passenger Lists." Customs Passenger Lists Microfilm copies of the passenger lists for these years are available at the National Archives (NARA), the LDS FHC and libraries. Manifests of Alien and Citizen Arrivals at Fort Kent, Limestone, Madawaska, and Van Buren, Maine. They are arranged by port and date of arrival, with the exception of some years between 1919 and 1924, when an individual Form 30A was used. The first 20 years are actually cargo manifests and are called the "baggage lists." New Orleans: New Orleans arrivals are documented on original lists, copies, and even cargo manifests, from 1820 to 1903. California, customs passenger lists of vessels arriving at San Francisco, 1903-1918, index. Both indexes use the Soundex system. Sometimes such choices led to the minor ports, such as Galveston, Texas, for immigrants heading for that state (or independent republic if they arrived before 1845). The Customs Department required masters of incoming ships to prepare and forward passenger lists to the Department. U.S. Customs and Border Protection ... Form I-418 - Passenger List - Crew List. The lists contain information such as name, age, country of origin, occupation and intended destination. New Orleans, Passenger Lists, 1813-1963. In 1835, the provincial Secretary was given responsibilty for all Customs House returns (5 William IV Chapter 49). Also, there will be times when the records in America do not fully identify the immigrants. She has received several awards for her volunteer work in the genealogy community including the FGS Award of Merit and the FGS Outstanding Delegate Award. The extant federal passenger lists from 1820 through 1897 are indexed separately from the city lists. Passenger Lists: Microfilmed Records of the U.S. Customs Service, 1820--ca. Sometimes the designation of the ethnic group was unclear, regarding whether it was based on the port of departure, the country listed on the ship list, or the surname itself. St. John index. These lists were initially meant to serve for statistical purposes. Searching On-Line - Most passenger The defeat of Napoleon and the end of the war in 1815 unleashed a torrent of emigration from Europe, much of it to the United States. This marks the commencement of the systematic collection of data on immigration to the United States—and the starting point for … In a very few cases, the original lists seem to include towns of residence, while the copies only indicate the country of origin. Saint John, N.B. These may be the last residence of the immigrant, or the town of birth (or perhaps some other point on the journey). Finding titles and authors for these publications is as easy as accessing www.familysearch.org and searching the Family History Library Catalog on-line. New York: The good news is that there are indexes for all of the ports for which Customs Passenger Lists exist. If they had a specific destination, such as a colony in Missouri, they may have chosen a port near that destination, or from which good connections were available (for Missouri, New Orleans was a logical choice). It is very likely that 90% or more of the passengers who officially immigrated to the United States during the 1800s were recorded and preserved on one or more passenger lists. These passenger manifests were then submitted to the immigration officials upon arrival in the United States. 1891 To search the Microfilm Catalog online: From the main Microfilm Catalog page, click Advanced Search (next to the Search button) In the righthand column, under Subject Catalog, select "Immigrant & Passenger Arrival" Under Subject Terms, you can further limit the search by entering a port name Hit However, from 1833 through 1866, the City of Baltimore required separate lists be kept. U.S. Customs and Border Protection ... Form I-418 - Passenger List - Crew List. USA.gov, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Microfilm Publication T715, 8892 rolls. For some ports, the Customs Passenger Lists were continued beyond 1891. PASSENGERS: Deliver one complete alphabetical passenger list, regardless of nationality, to United States Public Health Service, and three such lists to the United States Customs and Border Protection, on arrival at first port in the United States. These lists can be essential sources of information on immigrants arriving in the U.S. between 1820 and 1865, but to use them effectively one must understand how and why they were created. Document Posting Date: January 19, 2018 *The OMB Date is expired, however this form is still valid for use and is under review by OMB awaiting a new expiration date. 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272, Immigrant Records at the National Archives, How to File a FOIA Request for Archival Records, In the righthand column, under Subject Catalog, select "Immigrant & Passenger Arrival", Under Subject Terms, you can further limit the search by entering a port name. They included the names of every passenger on the ship, as well as the name of the ship, point and date of departure, and point and date of arrival. By 1850, more immigrants arrived in New York than in all other ports combined. Passenger Lists from 1899-1903 available from the GG Archives from the Port of Liverpool, England. Ship passenger lists are immigration documents that were created at the point of departure and submitted by the shipmaster to customs officials at the destination port. NAI: 6256867. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Portland, Maine, compiled 02/01/1944-11/22/1954. With the loss of some of the original lists, these copies and/or abstracts are an invaluable source for filling those gaps. Select "Immigration and Naturalization." Agents generally represented one specific shipping line, and obviously only sold tickets for travel on that line. Customs passenger lists include each immigrant's name, age, gender, occupation, country of origin, and country or place of intended destination. Includes a searchable database for 1839. Commercial passenger lists and some crew lists, collected by customs: 1883-1973. The state lists are indexed separately, while the copies are part of a supplemental index described below. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. However, in these cases, they are invaluable in suggesting a place to begin research in the home country. NAI: 300346. Within a decade of the end of our Revolutionary War, a revolution broke out in France, and this war affected much of western Europe. In 1998 and 1999, Karen served as Director of UGA's Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. Ship passenger lists are immigration documents that were created at the point of departure and submitted by the shipmaster to customs officials at the destination port. She has authored several family histories and textbooks including Genealogy & Computers for the Complete Beginner; Genealogy & Computers for the Determined Researcher; Genealogy & Computers for the Advanced Researcher, and Becoming an Accredited Genealogist. It does have a microfilm copy of the passenger lists that were turned over to it by the Customs Service and the Immigration and Naturalization Service when this federal repository was established in 1935. Since the lists seldom name the specific town of birth or previous residence, their use in determining an immigrant's origin is limited. These lists are indexed to 1900, but the index omits lists dated before 1853. This situation has created two important indexes. Note that the Customs Passenger Lists were continued until about 1891 when they were superseded by the Immigration Passenger Lists. Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1897-1957. Instructions for searching passenger lists on Family Search: Click "type" below "Restrict records by." These lists, with about 37,000 names, have been published in four volumes by Gary Zimmerman and Marion Wolfert as German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985-1993). The Customs Department required masters of incoming ships to prepare and forward passenger lists to the Department. Therefore, learning about the complete family is an important part of your research if you hope to unravel a family with a common surname. Covers earlier years also. Organized by Date of Departure, Steamship Line, Steamship or Ocean Liner, Class of Passengers, Route, and the Ship's Captain. In recent years, several groups and individuals have begun transcribing arrival lists for specific ethnic groups of immigrants. The bad news is that the index for the largest port, New York City, is very incomplete. Customs Passenger Lists, 1820 to 1902. However, it is very useful to try and locate the actual arrival lists for your immigrants. There are three sets of passenger lists: The \"A\" lists are the Captains' Lists of passengers being imported; \"B\" lists are Oaths of Allegiance to the King; and \"C\" lists are Oaths of Abjuration from the Pope. These are inconsistent until around 1910 when they were more systematically collected. They are divided into: 1. inward bound passengers “assisted” (subsidised) “unassisted” (paying their own way), or “coastal” (travelling to Victoria from an Australian port), and Karen Clifford is the Founder and President of Genealogy Research Associates. Often the significant clue to the family's origin may only be recorded for one individual in the entire family. California, Pioneer Migration Index, Compiled 1906-1935, index. The item Passenger arrivals at the Port of New York, 1820-1829 : from customs passenger lists, transcribed by Elizabeth P. Bentley represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Indiana State Library. Contrary to popular belief, the National Archives does not have copies of all ship passenger lists. The New York immigration passenger lists from 1892-June 1897 were lost during the Ellis Island fire. Passenger List Series, New Orleans Passenger Lists 1840-1849, call #Imm, PAL-40018 . Passenger Lists from 1899-1903 available from the GG Archives from the Port of Liverpool, England. Baltimore, Passenger Lists, 1820-1964. US Ports of Entry - their Immigration Records and Passenger Lists - A Genealogy Guide by Joe Beine Below is a list of many United States sea ports and land border ports that have published immigration records (passenger arrival lists) 1820-1957, organized by state. This is often a great disappointment to researchers who eventually do locate their immigrant relatives. Therefore, when the original lists were microfilmed, the National Archives included available copies and abstracts in the microfilms. More immigrants arrived than ever before. Ages in a passenger lists are typically more correct than in later American sources. The result was overcrowded ships and bad travel conditions. Experience has also shown that sometimes the lists and copies differ slightly. Fortunately, their naturalization documents had identified the date of their arrival, so we located them by finding the arrival list in chronological order. Smaller ethnic groups have also been covered by other compilers. Records of the Immigration and Naturalization … Clearly these two families had immigrated together, likely as relatives. The Ellis Island database uses the Customs Passenger Lists for 1892 to 1897. Starting in 1820, Customs Passenger Lists were prepared by the ship's captain and were filed with the collector of customs at the port of arrival. NARA microfilm publication A3937. This is especially important for persons with common surnames. Fill in the first and last name you want to search and click "search" at the bottom of the screen. The records known as customs passenger lists were filed by the masters of ships for the Collectors of Customs. Many European ports were blockaded, which obviously limited departures, and hence arrivals in America. Schalk explains that the 1800s New York passenger records on the Ellis Island website, and on Ancestry, FamilySearch and elsewhere, are actually customs lists. 488), passed by Congress on 2 March 1819, to alleviate overcrowding and the resultant horrendous conditions on immigration ships of the time. Perhaps the immigrant died early, and appears in few records, or perhaps the ages you find in the census and other sources are so diverse, that you are not sure just when the immigrant was born. The first large group covered by these transcripts was the Irish immigrants who arrived in New York from 1846 through 1851. List of Permissible and Restricted Articles . The number of immigrants coming into the United States and the information collected about them has always been influenced by world events and by national immigration policy. The item Passenger arrivals at the Port of New York, 1830-1832 : from customs passenger lists, transcribed by Elizabeth P. Bentley represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Indiana State Library. Collected from both small and major ports, these lists are, in practice, of limited genealogical use because only the country of origin is recorded. Passenger baggage of a Sri Lankan who has died on a voyage to Sri Lanka or of a citizen of Sri Lanka who has died abroad Note: Baggage concession free or otherwise are granted only once within a period of one year(365 days) unless otherwise determined by the Director General of Customs In fact, the New York index only indexes the copies (not the originals) of the arrivals from 1820 through 1846. The port of arrival an immigrant choose was based on many factors. The largest collection of ethnic transcripts is the series of Germans to America with more than 60 volumes covering arrivals, at New York and other ports, from 1850 into the 1880s, with additional volumes continuing the series to later dates. There are, however, some substitutes, discussed below. These lists have been published in Pennsylvania German Pioneers: A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808 by Ralph B. Strassburger and William J. Hinke (Norristown: Pennsylvani… The Government of Canada did not keep records of people leaving the country; there are no passenger lists for departures from Canadian ports. The passenger list records were created by the U.S. Customs Service (Record Group 36), and the Immigration and Naturalization Service [INS] (Record Group 85). This sudden increase in passengers and the opportunity to make more money put pressure on ship owners to carry as many passengers per trip as possible. Locating your immigrant and his or her family will provide invaluable clues to the original parish records in their homeland. Except for a few ports, most of these passenger lists have survived and have been microfilmed by the National Archives. The various records resulting from the act of 1819 and now known as the Customs Passenger Lists extend from 1820 to the 1890's (to 1902 for the port of New Orleans), and document the arrival of almost 20 million people. Passenger list searches. These lists cover 1888 to 1908 (with gaps for 1893 and 1895). Maryland: Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Baltimore, 1820-1834: From Customs Passenger Lists, call #IR P006. Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 36. If they were joining family or friends in the New World, they often chose a port close to where those persons lived. Polish Arrivals at the Port of Baltimore 1880-1884, call #POL065. In addition, a separate set of microfilms include quarterly abstracts cover 1820 to 1875 and may help fill some gaps in the lists. Customs Passenger Lists. The Resource Passenger arrivals at the port of Baltimore, 1820-1834 : from customs passenger lists, general editor, Michael H. Tepper ; transcribed by Elizabeth P. Bentley The most notable collection of such lists are certain arrivals in New York from the port of Bremen, Germany. However, the law did not require, and the lists did not record, the town from which the immigrants left. Customs House Lists 1833-1834 & 1837-1838 (140+ passenger lists) Lively 1840, Cork to Quebec passengers & crew; Minstrel 1841, Limerick to Quebec wrecked (full list of passengers & crew) Britannia 1842, from Westport to Quebec passengers & crew A published source gave the wife's maiden name as Brunner, so Michael was a possible brother. Liverpool Passenger Lists 1899-1903. See Section 4.0 of this guide for information about the Custom Passenger Lists. Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1872 Abyssinia 1872 Liverpool Ireland to New York Gessner 1872 Bremen to New York Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1873 E. M. Arndt from Germany to New York (graphics only - may be slow to load) SS Nevada From Sligo Ireland 1873 to New York Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1877 Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York, 1820-1829, from Customs Passenger Lists. List alongside the passenger lists of vessels arriving at San Francisco, california from 1903 to 1918 these... 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